African American Police League Records Detail Chicago’s Troublesome Past
Chicago History Museum Documents Now Accessible to Public
The Chicago History Museum has opened records for research from the African American Police League (AAPL), an organization that advocated for fair treatment and the advancement of African American police officers in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
“Given continuing concerns about policing in Chicago, especially as it relates to black and brown communities, the papers of the AAPL illuminate how the past matters now,” said Joy Bivins, director of curatorial affairs at the Chicago History Museum. “This collection also shows the possibility and value of police and communities working together to address those concerns.”
Chicago Police Department officer Edward “Buzz” Palmer and group of fellow officers formed the AAPL in response to growing concern over the treatment of African Americans by and within law enforcement in May of 1968. The organization’s goal, according to operational documents in the Museum’s collection, was to “work for high standards of police performances in black communities; to elevate the image of the black policeman to a position of dignity and respect, especially in the black communities; to work for total police reform; and to strive for improved relations between black and white policemen.”
The Museum’s collection includes early AAPL paraphernalia, planning documents and fliers encouraging individuals to report police abuse. Other notable documents from the collection include:
• Selected papers related to the National Black Police Association (NBPA). In late 1972, the AAPL joined several other similar organizations to create NBPA, which supported the efforts of black officers nationwide.
• Documents detailing lawsuits and investigations. The Chicago Police Department opposed the formation of the AAPL and retaliated against its members. This led to a number of lawsuits and investigations, which are documented in the AAPL collection.
• Logbooks, individual forms and other documents that report and track instances of police brutality.
• Documents detailing the AAPL’s establishment of and work with the League to Improve the Community (1970), a non-profit group that focused on community initiatives and crime prevention education.
This collection is now accessible to the public through the Museum’s Research Center, which holds the Museum’s printed material, manuscripts, prints and photographs and more. More information on the Museum’s collection and the history of the AAPL is available in the Museum’s blog post, The African American Police League and the Research Center’s online finding aid.
The collection was donated to the Chicago History Museum by Renault Robinson and Harold Saffold.
ABOUT THE CHICAGO HISTORY MUSEUM
The Chicago History Museum is situated on ancestral homelands of the Potawatomi people, who cared for the land until forced out by non-Native settlers. Established in 1856, the Museum is now at 1601 N. Clark Street in Lincoln Park, its third location. As a major museum and research center for Chicago and U.S. history, the Chicago History Museum strives to be a destination for learning, inspiration and civic engagement. Through dynamic exhibitions, tours, publications, special events and programming, the Museum connects people to Chicago’s history and to each other. To share Chicago stories, the Museum collects and preserves millions of artifacts, documents, images and other items that are relevant to the city’s history. The Museum gratefully acknowledges the support of the Chicago Park District on behalf of the people of Chicago.